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Distribution and Franchising. New vertical block exemption regulation and guidelines.

Distribution and Franchising. New vertical block exemption regulation and guidelines.

PDF VERSION The European Commission has adopted a new Vertical Block Exemption Regulation (“VBER”) which replaces the previous one approved in 2010. The new VBER updates the principles for a general exemption from competition rules for vertical agreements (including...
The position of the minority shareholder in a subsidiary in Spain

The position of the minority shareholder in a subsidiary in Spain

Some foreign companies with a subsidiary in Spain usually ask about their position as shareholders of less than 50% of the shares of a Limited Liability Company (S.L.), in Spain, when there is a conflict between partners. Some of them even appoint us as legal...